The Turkish Air Force can trace its origins back to June 1911 when it was founded by the Ottoman Empire,[7] however, the air force as it is known today did not come into existence until 1923 with the creation of the Republic of Turkey.[8]. Compare Countries. A total of 46 TAI-built F-16s have been exported to the Egyptian Air Force under the Peace Vector IV Program (1993–1995), making it TAI's second-largest F-16 customer after the Turkish Air Force. [21] Turkish aviators wore blue uniforms from 1933. [26], Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands. [10][11][12][13], The world's first black pilot Ahmet Ali Çelikten and first female fighter pilot Sabiha Gökçen both served in the TAF. On 23 March 2014, Turkish fighter jets shot down a Syrian MiG-23. [23], Upon Turkey's membership to NATO in 1952, the process of modernization was accelerated. [14][15][16], The history of Ottoman military aviation dates back to between June 1909 and July 1911. Tensions between the US and Turkey are to blame for the denied contract, and now may put Turkey in a position to become the first customer for Russia's Su-57. List of modern equipment of the Syrian Arab Army. [21] The Air Undersecretariat under the Ministry of National Defense for logistical affairs and the General Staff for educational affairs were united to form the Air Force Command (Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı) in 1944. [30] As Air Force pilots had played a major role in the coup attempt (the headquarters of the coup attempt was at the Akinci base near the capital Ankara), more than 350 F-16 pilots were also jailed, leaving the Air Force with more airplanes than pilots. [2][18] The fleet size reached its apex in December 1916, when the Ottoman Aviation Squadrons had 90 active combat aircraft. The Turkish Air Force also uses the CASA CN-235, C-130 Hercules and C-160 Transall military transport aircraft. Sie hob am 30. Turkish Armed Forces. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed June 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Military equipment of Turkey. In 1984 Turk­ish Aero­space In­dus­tries (TAI) was es­tab­lished and Turkey started to pro­duce fighter air­craft lo­cally under li­cense, in­clud­ing a total of 232 F-16 Fight­ing Fal­con (Block 30/40/50) air­craft for the air force. [33], In 1984 Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) was established and Turkey started to produce fighter aircraft locally under license, including a total of 232 F-16 Fighting Falcon (Block 30/40/50) aircraft for the air force. Am 23. The vast majority of Syrian military equipment was Soviet manufactured but the organization and military doctrine of the armed forces followed a mix of French and Western influences as the Soviet Union closely guarded its operational principles and never shared them with client states. [48], Turkey placed an order for 30 F-35 Lightning II's with four delivered to Luke Air Force Base, and then had the order cancelled due to the country's acquisition of the S-400 SAM systems from Russia. [23] In 1962 the Taktik Hava Kuvveti (Tactical Air Force) was founded by upgrading the Hava Tümeni (Air Division) units to corps-level organizations. "First Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft of the Peace Eagle Project, "Turkish air force receives second A400M", "Airbus Defence and Space delivers A400M to Turkish Air Force", "Military cargo plane to be delivered to Turkey in 2013. Turkey Military Strength (2020) Growing reliance on an internal industrial base, as well as support from Russia, has Turkey moving along its own path. November 2011 startete die Anka-A um 09:35 Uhr zu einem sechsstündigen Testflug. The command was renamed as Hava Eğitim Komutanlığı (Air Education Command) in 1957. TAI is currently building 30 new F-16 Block 50+ aircraft for the TuAF and is applying a CCIP upgrade on the existing fleet of Block 30/40/50 F … The Turkish Air Force received large numbers of new aircraft in this period, including Supermarine Spitfire Mk.I/V/IX/XIX, Curtiss Falcon CW-22R/B, Fairey Battle-I, Avro Anson-I, Hawker Hurricane I/II, Morane-Saulnier M.S.406, Curtiss P-40 Tomahawk, Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk, Westland Lysander-I, Consolidated B-24D Liberator B-24, Bristol Blenheim IV/V, Bristol Beaufort, Bristol Beaufighter Mk.I/X, Focke-Wulf Fw 190-A3, Martin 187 Baltimore, De Havilland DH.98 Mosquito Mk.III/IV, Douglas B-26B/C Invader, P-47D Thunderbolt and Douglas C-47A/B Dakota. TAI fertigte in den Jahren 1991 bis 1998 insgesamt 50 Maschinen unter Lizenz von CASA. ", "Afrin'deki bombardımana, Hançer Filo'dan 12 savaş uçağı da katıldı", "ABD'liler S-400'leri uydudan izleyecek, etraftaki tarlalar satın alınacak", "S-400 hazırlığı başladı! The Turkish Air Force's capacity has been reduced since the purges that followed the 2016 Turkish coup attempt, which saw large-scale dismissals of pilots viewed by Turkey's Islamist government as disloyal. Allied Air Command İzmir was deactivated on 1 June 2013, when the Allied Air Command (AIRCOM) at the Ramstein Air Base in Germany became the sole Allied Air Component Command of NATO. [55][56], A total of four Boeing 737 AEW&C Peace Eagle (Turkish: Barış Kartalı) aircraft (together with ground support systems) were ordered by the Turkish Air Force, with an option for two more aircraft. [21] Some personnel were sent to the United Kingdom and France for training; others were sent to the United States and Italy in 1930. Official sources trace the army's foundation to Modu Chanyu of the Xiongnu Empire in 209 BC, but the modern history of the army began with its formation after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Die indonesische Marine hat sechs und die indonesisc - Diken, "SSB Başkanı müjdeyi verdi: HİSAR hava savunma sistemi 1 haftaya sahada olacak", Weapons Transfers and Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey, "KORKUT Kundağı Motorlu Namlulu Alçak İrtifa Hava Savunma Silah Sistemi", "TSK Envanterindeki KORKUT Sayısı 13 Oldu",,, "Türkiye'nin orta menzil hava savunma sistemi", "Turkey receives first Koral land-based EW system | IHS Jane's 360", "Aselsan son parti KALKAN radarlarını teslim etti", "Selex ES receives NATO contract to upgrade radar in Turkey", "STRATEGIC WARNING RADARS (Military Weapons)", "lockheedmartin receives NATO contract to upgrade radar in Turkey", "Türk radarları Suriye sınırını izliyor! 2020 Ranking. In mid-November 2013, Turkish sources claimed … Peace Eagle 2, 3 and 4 are modified and tested at the facilities of TAI in Ankara, Turkey, with the participation of Boeing and a number of Turkish companies. Another subcontractor, HAVELSAN, is responsible for system analysis and software support. Turkish Naval Forces. It is envisaged that the system will be used by the U.S., Turkey and other NATO member states. [28] As of 2010[update], the United States is considering withdrawing these nuclear bombs from Turkey, and from several other foreign locations in Europe. [67] The first two A400M Atlas were delivered to the Turkish Air Force in 2014. The Turkish Land Forces (Turkish: Türk Kara Kuvvetleri), or Turkish Army (Turkish: Türk Ordusu), is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. [74][75][76], Turkish Air Force operate an intelligence satellite named Göktürk-2, with plans to commission more in years ahead. It was placed into a low Earth orbit of 686 km (426 mi) at 16:26 UTC. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. 256,048 Pages. [65], The six-year delay was a result of Boeing experiencing difficulties while developing some features required by the Turkish Air Force. İşte öne çıkan 3 yer...", "STAR - Haberler, Son Dakika, Haber, Son Dakika Haberleri", "Turkey plans to purchase four more F-35 jet fighters and five CH-47F transport helicopters", "Manta - Rediscover America's Small Business", "Boeing: Boeing and Turkey's HAVELSAN Renew Missile Defense Partnership. The Syrian Air Defense Force ... On 22 June 2012, the Syrian Air Defence Force shot down a Turkish McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II reconnaissance jet. Turkish Armed Forces; Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri: Emblem of the Turkish Armed Forces. April 22, 2008", "Undersecretariat for Turkish Defence Industries: Long Range Air and Missile Defence System Project", "The US denied Turkey F-35 sales — and now it may turn to Russia in a nightmare for NATO", Istanbul Technical University Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics,, Articles with Turkish-language sources (tr), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1925, the Air Force was deployed to take part in campaign aimed to suppress the, In 1995, the Turkish Air Force took part in NATO's, Turkey provided 18 F-16s for the NATO campaign against Serbia during, On 8 October 1996 – 7 months after the escalation of the dispute with Turkey over the, In 2006, 4 Turkish F-16 fighter jets were deployed for NATO's, In December 2007, the Turkish Air Force initiated Operation Northern Iraq, which continued until the end of February 2008, eventually becoming a part of, On 22 June 2012, a Turkish RF-4E Phantom II reconnaissance aircraft was lost, reportedly due to Syrian anti-aircraft fire. Das Hauptquartier (Headquarters United States Air For… [21] Thus, the Air Force became a separate branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. Student officer insignia denotes school grade rather than military seniority. Die in Indonesien gefertigte CN-235 MPA wird in Brunei, den Arabischen Emiraten und Indonesien eingesetzt. [17] The Ottoman Aviation Squadrons participated in the Balkan Wars (1912–1913) and World War I (1914–1918). [71][72] Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) produces several components of the A400M Atlas, including the middle-front fuselage, emergency exit doors, rear fuselage upper panels, rear upper escape doors, ailerons and spoilers; which are sent to the Airbus Military factory in Spain for assembly.[73]. In 1987 Turkey received its first F-16 Fighting Falcon under the 'Peace Onyx-1' … [48] TAI is currently building 30 new F-16 Block 50+ aircraft for the TuAF[49][50] and is applying a CCIP upgrade on the existing fleet of Block 30/40/50 F-16s, which will bring all of them to the Block 50+ standard. Airpower. Having been unable to purchase the armed version of Predator UCAVs from the United States, Turkey plans to produce armed UCAV versions of TAI Anka (to be fitted with missiles such as the AGM-114 Hellfire and Roketsan Cirit); while TAI has become the leading partner in the Talarion UCAV project of EADS. Totals in these tables do not necessary accurately reflect combat attrition sustained during the ongoing Syrian-Turkish clashes and Kurdish–Turkish conflict. Category:Turkish Air Force | Military Wiki | Fandom. [54] Turkey is one of only five countries in the world which locally produce the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Although the Airbus A400M Atlas is essentially a heavy tactical lift aircraft, it can also be transformed into an aerial refueling tanker aircraft at short notice. [21] Starting in 1924, personnel were sent abroad for flight education. Figures are sourced from Flight International ( The air force had previously received 8 F-16s that were purchased directly from the United States, bringing the total number of F-16s received by the air force to 240. Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) is the primary subcontractor for the Peace Eagle parts production, aircraft modification, assembly and tests. [2] A few damaged aircraft belonging to the GNA were repaired, and afterwards used in combat. The following is a partial list of Turkish Air Force bases and airfields, past and present. List of modern weapons of the Turkish Air Force, "S-400 fiyatı ne kadar? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In 2013 Turkey approved the construction by ROKETSAN of its first satellite launching center, initially for low earth orbit satellites. The Turkish Air Force (Turkish: Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. [98], HAVELSAN of Turkey and Boeing of the United States are in the process of developing a next generation, high-altitude ballistic missile defence shield. Some early help for the Ottoman Aviation Squadrons came from the Imperial German Fliegertruppe (known by that name before October 1916), with future Central Powers 13-victory flying ace Hans-Joachim Buddecke flying with the Turks early in World War I as just one example. Die 1947 gegründete[1] United States Air Force (USAF) ist die Luftstreitkraft der Streitkräfte der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Naval Forces. [61], The first Peace Eagle aircraft, named Kuzey (meaning North) was formally accepted into Turkish Air Force inventory on 21 February 2014. Die Flugzeit betrug lediglich 14 Minuten. Sie ist die zweitstärkste der vier Teilstreitkräfte und einer der sieben Uniformed Services of the United States. English: C-130B Hercules of the Turkish Air Force at Teknofest 2019. Originally consisting of three normal and one naval aviation units, and an air school, the number of units was increased to 10 normal and three naval aviation units. ", "Turkish air forces boosted by new generation AMRAAM",,,,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 06:08. The down payment to Boeing amounted to US$637 million. These include a 0.8m resolution reconnaissance satellite (Project Göktürk-1) for use by the Turkish Armed Forces and a 2m resolution reconnaissance satellite (Project Göktürk-2) for use by the National Intelligence Organization. On July 11, 2002 Turkey became a Level 3 partner of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) development program, and on January 25, 2007, Turkey officially joined the production phase of the JSF program, agreeing to initially purchase 116 F-35A Lightning II aircraft.[93][94][95][96][97]. April 1920 (Turkish Air Force Branch) 31. Detailing the current military strength of Turkey including air force, army, navy, financials and manpower. The Turkish Air Force regards flight trainings of Captain Fesa Bey and Lieutenant Yusuf Kenan Bey in 1911 as its own start line and celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2011. TAI entwickelte daraufhin die Anka-A. [25] In 1956 the Hava Eğitim Kolordu Komutanlığı (Air Education Corps Command) was founded and all education was united under this command. Dezember 2010 auf der Sivrihisar Air Base (LTAV) zum Erstflug ab. Register Military. Countries List. Most visited articles. [21] The growing inventory of air brigades required another structural change, which was made in 1940. Gen. Bekir Ercan Van (cropped).jpg 996 × 1,696; 356 KB. [23], The headquarters of NATO's Allied Air Component Command for Southern Europe (formerly designated as AIRSOUTH and originally headquartered in Naples, Italy) was established in İzmir, Turkey, on 11 August 2004. [27] A total of 90 B61 nuclear bombs are hosted at the Incirlik Air Base, 40 of which are allocated for use by the Turkish Air Force in case of a nuclear conflict, but their use requires the approval of NATO. ", "S-400 nereye konuşlanacak? ", "Turkey accepts delivery of its First Airbus A400M", "TAI ships first body parts of A400M planes", "Turkey to manufacture armed version of national drone", "Cassidian and Turkish Aerospace Industries, Inc. (TAI) agree on cooperation in the Talarion programme", "Undersecretariat for Turkish Defence Industries: Electro-Optical (EO) Reconnaissance and Surveillance Satellite System (GÖKTÜRK)", "ECONOMY - Eurofighter hopes to sell 40 jets to Turkey", "Turkey's Sat-Launcher Plans Raise Concerns", "Ukraine, Turkey agree on space program worth billions of dollars", "Turkish Air Force > Turkish Air Force > Organization > Combatant Air Force and Air Missile Defence Command", "401. ", "The First Establishment and the Early Years", "Scramble on the Web: Turkish Air Force - Order of Battle",,,,,,,, "official website of the Air Technical Schools Command", "NATO deactivates Allied Air Command Izmir", "Yankee Bombs Go Home: Foreign Minister Wants US Nukes out of Germany", "NRDC: U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe • Hans M. Kristensen / Natural Resources Defense Council, 2005", Report: US considers withdrawing nuclear bombs from Turkey, "Turkish F-16 jet crashes after Greek interception",, "BBC News - Syrian military says it downed Turkish fighter jet", "Turkish warplanes shoot down Syrian helicopter", "Turkish jet downs Syrian warplane near border", "How is this not World War III? Add new page. The Chief of the General Staff is the Commander of the Armed Forces. Modern equipment of the Turkish Land Forces. The jet's pilots were killed; both Turkish and Syrian forces searched for them before recovering their bodies in early July. -", "Turkey Nearly Killed Off Its Own Air Force", "Turkey's air force can barely fly its F-16s - analyst", "Turkey signs $1.78 bln deal to buy warplanes", "Turkey signs contract to buy 30 F-16 block 50+ jets", "F-16 Peace Onyx III program kicks off at TAI", "Turkish F-35 delivered to training base in Arizona, official says", Peace Eagle (PE) - Turkish Airborne Early Warning & Control System, "Turkey imposes $183 million penalty on Boeing over delivery delay", "Boeing Installs MESA Antenna on First Peace Eagle Aircraft", "Boeing Successfully Completes First Test Flight of AEW&C Peace Eagle Aircraft", "Turkish Aerospace Industries completes modification of Peace Eagle AEW&C aircraft", "Boeing Delivers 1st Spy Plane To Turkey; Faces Penalties", "TSK yeni yıldızı Barış Kartalı'na kavuştu", "Turkey takes delivery of military aircraft". [59] As of mid-2007, systems integration was ongoing and airworthiness certification works continued. Hauptaufgabe der USAF ist die Verteidigung der Vereinigten Staaten durch die Kontrolle und Ausnutzung von Luft und All. [23] The first Commander of the Turkish Air Force was General Zeki Doğan. [48][51][52][53] Dozens of TAI-built F-16s were also exported to other countries, particularly in the Middle East. [68][69][70] All A400M Atlas deliveries to the Turkish Air Force are scheduled to be completed by 2018. Date: 17 September 2019, 10:25:12: Source: Own work: Author: CeeGee: Licensing . The KC-135R-CRAG Stratotanker aerial refueling tanker aircraft of the Turkish Air Force are operated by the 101st Squadron, stationed at the Incirlik Air Base. Within a year, Turkey's borders were surrounded by German forces in the northwest and west, and Italian forces in the southwest. M. Ray, 3rd Air Force commander, and Brig. Göktürk-2 was launched from Jiuquan Launch Area 4 / SLS-2 in China by a Long March 2D space launch vehicle at 16:12:52 UTC on December 18, 2012. [21] In 1925, the Air School was re-established in Eskişehir and its first students graduated that same year. On 28 March 2013, the Turkish Secretary of the Defence Industry of the Ministry of National Defence of Turkey Murat Bayar announced intentions to replace the F-16 fighter with domestically produced fighters by 2023. This is a list of modern weapons of the Turkish Air Force that are currently in service. [2][20], After the establishment of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923, plans were made to form a modern air force. The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey.Turkish Armed Forces consist of the General Staff, the Land Forces, the Naval Forces and the Air Forces.The current Chief of the General staff is General Yaşar Güler. [23] With the arrival of 3rd generation fighter jets in 1980, the Air Force was reorganized. Almost all available money in the Turkish Government Treasury was used to purchase new weapons from any available provider in the world. The incident greatly escalated the tensions between Turkey and Syria. OF3, OF2, & OR2 translate to "Head of 1000", "Head of 100", and "Head of 10" respectively. The incident happened over the. Popular pages. According to Flight International ( and the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Turkish Air Force has an active strength of 60,000 military personnel and operates approximately 1,067 manned aircraft (2019). The Turkish Air Force made daily reconnaissance flights over Bulgaria, Greece, the Greek Islands in the Aegean Sea, and the Dodecanese Islands which then belonged to Italy, to monitor the positions of the Axis forces. [23] They graduated in 1951 and started training jet pilots in the Turkish Air Force. Military equipment of Turkey. List of active aircraft of the Turkish Air Force is a list of military aircraft currently in service … Equipment of the Turkish Air Force‎ ... Media in category "Air force of Turkey" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. In 1951 the Air Force Academy was formed with integrating some air schools in Eskişehir and its first academic year started on 1 October 1951. M. Ray, 3rd Air Force commander, and Brig. The air force had previously received 8 F-16s that were purchased directly from the United States… [23] Turkey did not enter World War II on the side of the Allies until February 1945. [58], Peace Eagle 1 is modified and tested by Boeing Integrated Defense Systems in Seattle, Washington, USA. [29], In the aftermath of the 2016 Turkish coup attempt, thousands of military officers were dismissed, with many arrested and jailed. This is a list of active weapons of the Turkish Air Force that are currently in service. On September 16, 2013, Turkish jets shot down a Syrian Mi-17 helicopter on the Syrian-Turkish border. [57], Signed on 23 July 2003, the contract to Boeing valued at US$1.385 billion, which was later reduced by US$59 million because some of the requirements were not met. The military equipment of Turkey includes a wide array of arms, artilleries, large surface vessels, cannons, armored vehicles, mortars, unmanned vehicles and many different equipments. ", S-400'leri beklerken: Kaç tane alıyoruz, maliyeti ne? [21], From 1932, the air regiments were considered to be a separate combat arm and started training its own personnel. ☰ MENU ☰ MENU × Home. Jump to navigation Jump to search. List of active Turkish military aircraft is a list of military aircraft in service with the Turkish Armed Forces. [31] In response, the Turkish government has sought to compel retired pilots to return to the military and to strengthen its air defence systems. Some electro-optical parts that are required for the Göktürk-1 (0.8m resolution) satellite were beyond TAI's technological know-how, thus a foreign partner was sought. The Turkish Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. [66], Turkey is a partner nation in the Airbus A400M Atlas production program. [60], On 4 June 2008, it was announced that Turkish Aerospace Industries completed the first in-country modification of a Boeing 737-700 into an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) platform for Turkey's Peace Eagle program. [23] Eight pilots were sent to the United States for jet pilot training. In 1998, the Turkish Armed Forces announced a program of modernization worth US$160 billion over a twenty-year period in various projects. Coalitions Builder. The Air Machinist School (Hava Makinist Okulu) was reorganized as Aircraft Maintenance School (Hava Uçak Bakım Okulu) on 2 January 1950[24] to unite schools responsible for training non-pilot Air Force personnel. Januar 1944 (Turkish Air Force Command, corps Skala) 1. Während der Flugerprobung wurden 240 Testpunkte abgehandelt, bevor sie um 15:35 Uhr wieder landete. [23] In 1950 it also was decided to upgrade the Air Force fleet through the inclusion of jets. Turkey also has a national fifth generation fighter aircraft project named the TAI TFX. [21], Sabiha Gökçen became the first female fighter pilot in military history in 1937. For a long period of time the combat units of the Turkish Air Force were organized into a 1st Air Force (deployed in the western part of the country and headquartered in Eskişehir) and a 2nd Air Force (deployed in the eastern part of the country and headquartered in Diyarbakır). After the Armistice of Mudros and the occupation of the Ottoman Empire by the Allies in 1919, some Turkish aviators tried to build new units in Istanbul, İzmir, Konya, Elazığ and Diyarbakır with planes left over from World War I and tried to bring together flight personnel. Economist Intelligence Unit:Turkey, p.22 (2005), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Institute for Strategic Studies, shot down a Russian Su-24 Fencer strike aircraft, failed coup attempt in 2016 and subsequent purges, List of active aircraft of the Turkish Air Force, List of active weapons of the Turkish Air Force, List of Commanders of the Turkish Air Force, List of Chiefs of the Turkish General Staff, "Türk Hava Kuvvetleri 100 Yaşında" in the official website of Turkish Air Force, "1944-1980" in the official website of the Turkish Air Force, "Bugün Hava Kuvvetleri'nin kuruluş yıldönümü! Land Forces. On August 5, 2014 the two have been fused into the newly formed Combatant Air Force and Air Defence Command with headquarters in Eskişehir. The Turkish Air Force has ordered a total of ten A400M Atlas aircraft. At present, the Turkish Air Force operates MALE UAVs such as the TAI Anka, Bayraktar Tactical UAS, IAI Heron and the I-GNAT ER. Search Sign In Don't have an account? [9] $45 billion was earmarked to go to the overhaul of the Turkish Air Force, and includes commissioning new combat aircraft (consisting of TAI TFX and Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II) and helicopters (consisting of heavy lift, attack, medium lift and light general purpose helicopters).

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